高水平亮点英语句式结构

2019-06-04 19:07:56
高水平亮点英语句式结构

  不要觉得说起高水平的英语句式都是集中在一些文学名著,学术著作里面,其实时常讲话如果自己英语底子都扎实,也是很能显示档次的。现在传输一些显逼格上档次的口语、书面都适合用的一些句式结构。

  1、to do sth.不定式做主语

  to resolve a dispute means to turn opposing

  positions into single outcome译文:解决一个冲突意味着把相反的各方变成一个单一的结果。

  分析:不定式短语to resolve a dispute做主语,谓语是means,不定式短语to turn opposing a positions into a single outcome做宾语,其中分词opposing是positions的定语。

  2、Do not you····Are not

  you·····?反义疑问句

  ---Can’t you see?难道你看不见吗??????? ---No ,I can′t.是的,我看不见。

  用情态动词(can/may/must)、系动词be、助动词(do/does/did)等的否定式开头的疑问句叫否定疑问句。(英语作文中如果恰当的运用反义疑问句,会让考官眼前一亮,长短句交错)

  解析:表示惊奇、反问以及看法、建议等,有“难道不……?”之意。回答这类问句时,回答是肯定的,用yes,是否定的就用no.

  3、It+v.(+to sb.)+ that从句 

  (1)常用动词或短语有appear, seem, come about, emerge, follow, chance, happen, occur,

  transpire, turn out, work out等。如:

  

  It (so) happened/chanced that they were

  out.(= They happened/chanced to be out.)

  (2)It +be+ v-ed +that从句 

  常用动词有say, report, think, believe, hope, expect, agree, accept, decide,

  determine, intend, plan, understand, know等。如: 

  It is said that the couple have gotten

  divorced.(=The couple are said to have gotten divorced.)

  4、as well as做连词连接句式

  (1)no less than;equally with等于;不下于;亦;一样好

  I

  have understanding as well as you.我和你理解的一样好

  (2)both......and......;one equally with the other"与"、"两者皆"

  Work in moderation is healthy as well as

  agreeable to the human constitution.适度劳动对身体给予快感,又有益卫生。

  (3)与not only......but also有连带关系

  He

  has experience as well as knowledge.= He has not only knowledge but also

  experience.

  5、尝试用感叹句,当然在表达强烈的情感色彩的时候

  a. What+a/an+adj.+单数可数n.+主语+谓语!b. What

  +adj.+复数可数n./不可数n.+主语+谓语!

  c. How +adj. /adv.+主语+谓语!d.? How+主语+谓语!

  感叹句以what和how引导,常用来表示说话时的惊奇、喜悦、气愤等情绪。what用来修饰名词,how用来修饰形容词。

  What a lovely boy(he is)!??? How lovely the boy is!

  What beautiful flowers!????? How time flies!

  其实感叹句也是另外特殊意义的倒装句,

  6、so?和too?以及such连接的复句

  a. too……to……太······以致不能······

  b.(not) enough……to……足够······(不能)去做······

  c? .so

  + adj./ adv.+ that???????? d. such +a/an+单数可数名词/复数名词+that

  (1)句型a能把两个简单句合并为一个简单句。too是副词,后接形容词或副词,不可接名词。to是不定式符号,后接动词原形。

  (2)too…to…是个否定结构,如果在前面加上not或never就成为肯定结构:不太……以致能……

  (3)enough…to…是个肯定结构, enough修饰名词时可前置也可后置,修饰形容词或副词时必须后置,to不定式结构作状语。

  英语强调句型是由:It+be+被强调部分+ that/who+句子其它部分构成,其中被强调部分可以是句子的主语,宾语,状语,补语等。判断句子是否为真正的强调句型可能采取复原法,即把功能性词,it,be,that都去掉,再看剩下被强调部分是否为被强调部分。

  例如:It was the ability to do the job that matters not where you come

  from or what you are.把这个句子结构性词都去掉后为:matters not where you come from or what you are.这个句子缺少主语,刚好被强调部分the ability to do the job可以做这个句子的主语

  勤奋刻苦的童鞋们,还不赶紧copy走,或者拿个小本本记着,以后肯定用得着!冰冻三尺非一日之寒,学习英语也需要由少到多慢慢的积累。

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